The Galapagos Islands are a unique archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, which is home to many rare species of flora and fauna. The islands, covering an area of 7800 sq. Km, are located from the state of Ecuador at 972 km.
The archipelago consists of 19 islands, 13 of which are of volcanic origin and are the province of Ecuador with a population of about 25 thousand people.
A bit of history
According to scientists, the formation of the first islands began about 5 million years ago. The volcanic eruption in 2005 on one of the young islands makes it possible to assume that the formation of the youngest of them is in an active process.
Travel to the Galapagos Islands
For the first time, Europeans made a trip to these picturesque islands in the 16th century and, having discovered a huge number of turtles here, they called the island “galapagos”, which means “water turtles”. The island appeared on the maps of seafarers only in 1570.
In 1970, a whaling base was located here. Turtles, which lived here in myriad, were used as a source of fat, and their meat as a means of food for sailors on long voyages.
In early 1832, Ecuador declared rights to the Galapagos Islands, and the archipelago became part of the state near the equator. After this event, an active investigation of places untouched by civilization began. Charles Darwin, who was here in 1835, called this pristine area “a paradise of evolution.”
To preserve the unique ecosystem in 1959, the National Reserve and the Charles Darwin Foundation were founded on the archipelago. Currently, scientists are actively engaged in the conservation of the rarest species of the animal and plant world, which are rich in these interesting places. Some of them are the only copies on the planet.
The wealth of the animal world
The diversity and rarity of some animals is associated with remoteness from the mainland, as well as a favorable climate for their conservation. On the expanses of the islands there are many animals, including seals, sea lions, rodents, bats.
The unique fauna of the Galapagos Islands
There are also more than 20 species of reptiles – lizards, monitor lizards, several species of snakes, iguanas, as well as rare specimens of turtles. Due to the equatorial climate, the islands are inhabited by albatrosses, penguins, gulls, and cormorants.
In the bay of the largest island of the Isabel archipelago, you can find colorful flamingos, pelicans, iguanas, giant turtles. In the coastal waters of the archipelago there is a huge variety of representatives of the water world – killer whales, sharks, dolphins.
Also on the island is the highest point of the archipelago – Wolfe volcano and Sierra Negra volcano with a huge crater, whose diameter is about 10 km.
Santa Cruz is the most populated island with a major tourist center in Puerto Ayora. The city is a station to them. C. Darwin, who for many years has been studying endangered species of animals, including giant turtles.
Attractions Galapagos Islands
The capital of the archipelago – Puerto Bakeriso Moreno is located on the island of San Salvador. The uniqueness of the island lies in the fact that in the crater of the volcano El Hunko there is a source of fresh water forming a lake. The beaches of the island are ideal for lovers of water activities.
A large number of pelicans and marine iguanas can be seen on the colorful island of Fernandina, which is famous for its magnificent coral reef and Urbin Bay. A delightful sight while traveling can be seen on the island of Santa Maria.
Here is the crater of an extinct volcano, partially submerged under water, which creates a fantastic sight. This is one of the most attractive places in the Galapagossa for diving fans.
The Galapagos Islands are an incredible corner on the planet where nature has preserved the most valuable specimens of its wealth.
Yachting in the Galapagos Islands
A visit to this paradise town will leave unrealistic impressions for the rest of your life, since it keeps in itself the atmosphere of the beginning of the whole universe.